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原山林场踏上了探索转型之路 荒山秃岭变“金山银山”

发布时间:2018-12-20 17:38
原山位于山东鲁中山区,60年前,这里是一个连草都难长的石漠化荒山,森林覆盖率不足2%。而今天,呈现在人们眼前的是郁郁葱葱的近5万亩绿色森林,覆盖率达到了94.4%。60年,原山林场实现了从荒山秃岭到绿水青山再到“金山银山”的沧桑巨变。
 
The original mountain is located in Shandong Lushan District. Sixty years ago, it was a rocky desertification desert mountain with a forest coverage of less than 2%. Today, there are nearly 50,000 mu of green forest in front of people, covering 94.4%. In the past 60 years, Yuanshan Forest Farm has undergone tremendous changes from barren mountains and bald mountains to green waters and green mountains to "Jinshan Yinshan".
 
 
 
1957年,国家为绿化荒山,在这里设立了原山林场。“当年,这里处处是裸露的怪石,缺土无水,浇树都是从山下的水库中用马车拉,再由人挑到山上。”说起过去植树的艰难,第一代原山林场职工、74岁的段新安仍记忆犹新。“下雨天,别人往家里跑,我们要左肩扛镢头、右肩扛树苗往山上跑,在石头缝中挖坑、填土、浇水。饿了吃煎饼,渴了喝凉水。当时唯一的愿望就是多栽树,让大山早点绿起来!”
 
In 1957, in order to green barren hills, the state set up the original mountain forest farm here. "At that time, there were bare rocks everywhere, lacking soil and water, and watering trees were pulled by horses and carriages from the reservoirs under the mountains, and then picked up by people to the mountains." Speaking of the difficulties of planting trees in the past, Duan Xin'an, a 74-year-old former forest farm worker of the first generation, still has fresh memories. "On rainy days, when people run home, we need to carry bracelets on our left shoulder and seedlings on our right shoulder to run up the hill and dig holes, fill up soil and water in the cracks of stones. Hungry to eat pancakes, thirsty to drink cold water. At that time, the only wish was to plant more trees and make the mountains green earlier! uuuuuuuuuuu
 
 
 
“侧柏特别耐旱,在贫瘠的土壤中它顽强的根系可以深深扎在石头缝中。几代原山育林人也正如侧柏一样,获取得很少,为大山却奉献出很多。”原山林场党委书记孙建博抚摸着一棵树龄长达60年的侧柏告诉记者,如今原山森林植被的水源涵养能力比60年前提高了40倍,已成为一座绿色水库、森林氧吧。
 
"Platycladus orientalis is particularly drought-tolerant, and its stubborn roots can be deeply embedded in stone cracks in barren soil. Several generations of original mountain foresters, like Oriental arborvitae, acquired very little, but contributed a lot to the mountains. Sun Jianbo, Secretary of the Party Committee of Yuanshan Forest Farm, touched a 60-year-old Oriental cypress and told reporters that the water conservation capacity of the forest vegetation in Yuanshan Mountain has increased 40 times than that 60 years ago, and has become a green reservoir and forest oxygen bar.
 
 
 
林业,林场,原山林场
 
Forestry, Forest Farm, Yuanshan Forest Farm
 
 
 
原山林场的发展过程也并非一帆风顺。上世纪90年代起,随着国有林场的改革和国家禁止采伐林木政策的实施,原山人也踏上了探索转型之路。转型的阵痛让每个林场人至今难以忘怀:开办的奶牛场、木材厂等十多个项目全部亏损,林场负债高达4000万元,陷入了依靠贷款维持生存的绝境。
 
The development process of Yuanshan Forest Farm is not smooth. Since the 1990s, with the reform of state-owned forest farms and the implementation of the national policy of prohibiting logging, Yuanshan people have embarked on the road of exploration and transformation. The pain of transformation has made every farmer unforgettable: more than ten projects such as dairy farms and timber mills have lost all their money, and the forest farm has a debt of up to 40 million yuan, which has plunged into the desperate situation of depending on loans to survive.
 
 
 
1996年底,孙建博被任命为原山林场场长。“拿不到工资的职工连水电费都交不起,126家各地来的债主轮番上门讨债,我心中的焦虑比身体伤残时还要痛苦!”幼年因病致残,连走路都要靠拄拐棍的孙建博感到压力很大。“不换脑筋就换位置,干部要能上能下,必须闯出一条新路来!”孙建博和几十名林场干部召开了一周的会议,使一批思想活跃、敢拼敢闯的员工走上了领导岗位;亏损企业被全部关闭;一批经过严密论证、有市场潜力的副业新项目上马;育林、护林责任到人,林木成活率、防火有效率与收入奖金挂钩。
 
At the end of 1996, Sun Jianbo was appointed Director of Yuanshan Forest Farm. "Workers who can't get wages can't even pay for water and electricity. 126 creditors from all over the country come to collect debts in turn. My anxiety is more painful than when I am physically disabled." Sun Jianbo, who was disabled by illness in his childhood, was under great pressure even to walk on crutches. Sun Jianbo and dozens of Forest Farm cadres held a week's meeting, which led a group of active and daring employees to take leadership positions; all loss-making enterprises were closed down; a group of new sideline projects with market potential were launched; responsibility for forest cultivation and forest protection came to people, and forest trees survived. Rate, fire prevention efficiency and income bonus are linked.
 
 
 
20年来,原山林场在全国国有林场中第一家创办旅游项目,目前仅旅游年收入超过5000万元;建设全国第一家林场艰苦创业纪念馆,每年免费接待各地参观者超过5万人次;国内首家林场承诺职工工资将逐年增长,实现了年均增长率21%;建成山东省第一支摩托化、现代化专业防火队伍和森林防火微波视频监控中心,在全国率先装上了雷达探火系统,使原山林区实现瞭望监测全覆盖,林场20年无火情事故;在国有林场第一家实行“企事分开、一场两制”,率先走出了一条保生态、创效益、创品牌的科学发展之路。
 
In the past 20 years, Yuanshan Forest Farm has set up the first tourism project in the state-owned forest farms in China, with an annual income of only over 50 million yuan; built the first memorial hall for hard work and Entrepreneurship of forest farms in China, which receives more than 50,000 visitors every year free of charge; promised the first forest farm in China that the wages of workers will increase year by year, achieving an average annual growth rate of 21%; built the first motorized and modernized specialty in Shandong Province. Industry fire prevention team and forest fire microwave video surveillance center took the lead in installing radar fire detection system in the whole country, which made the original mountain forest area achieve full coverage of monitoring, and the forest farm had no fire accident for 20 years. The first state-owned forest farm implemented "separation of enterprises, one system, two systems", and took the lead in the scientific development of ecological protection, benefit creation and brand creation.
 
 
 
“森林生态是个宝库,只要把森林管好、发展好、利用好,就会不断裂变出庞大的生态产业来。”孙建博当场长后,立下了禁止砍伐的规矩。以往林场伐木卖给煤矿,每棵只有几块钱利润。现在,他们将树移进苗圃栽植,然后出售给城市的绿化公司,每棵能卖到几百元甚至几千元。孙建博还带领林场把周围的5000多亩荒山进行绿化,并整合原山周围生态旅游资源以及林场、荒山,将其打造成百万亩生态森林圈。
 
"Forest ecology is a treasure house, as long as the forest is well managed, developed and utilized, it will continue to fission into a huge ecological industry." When Sun Jianbo was on the spot, he set a rule against logging. In the past, logging in forest farms was sold to coal mines, with a profit of only a few yuan per tree. Now, they move trees into nurseries and plant them, then sell them to city greening companies, each of which can sell for hundreds or even thousands of yuan. Sun Jianbo also led the forest farm to green more than 5,000 mu of barren hills around the original mountain, and integrate the ecological tourism resources around the original mountain, as well as the forest farm and barren hills, to create a million mu ecological forest circle.
 
 
 
改革创新,让原山林场发生了翻天覆地的变化,林场不仅还清了所有历史旧账,还接管了4家困难单位和1家企业,从一个负债累累的“要饭林场”变成集生态林业、生态旅游、旅游地产、文化产业等多产业并举的“全国十佳国有林场”,拥有固定资产10亿元,年收入过亿元。
 
Reform and innovation have brought about tremendous changes in Yuanshan Forest Farm. The Forest Farm has not only paid off all the old historical accounts, but also taken over four difficult units and one enterprise. From a heavily indebted "feeding forest farm" to a "national ten-best state-owned forest farm" with ecological forestry, ecotourism, real estate and cultural industries, it has fixed assets of 1 billion yuan and annual income. Over 100 million yuan.

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