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协议离婚与起诉离婚各需要多长时间

发布时间:2019-01-03 13:42
协议离婚与起诉离婚各需要多长时间
 
How long does it take to get divorced by agreement and to sue for divorce
 
 
 
一、 协议离婚速度较快,如果双方达成离婚协议并通过民政局办理离婚登记的,依据新的婚姻登记法律规定,只要手续齐全当天可办理,发《离婚证》。
 
1. The speed of divorce by agreement is relatively fast. If the two parties reach a divorce agreement and register the divorce through the Civil Affairs Bureau, according to the new marriage registration law, as long as the formalities are complete, the divorce certificate can be issued.
 
 
 
二、诉讼离婚情形:
 
2. Divorce in litigation:
 
 
 
1、双方已经达成离婚协议,但通过诉讼到法院要求离婚解除婚姻关系的,一般三个月内审结,由法院出具离婚调解书或者离婚判决书作为离婚凭据(通常是离婚调解书)
 
1. Both parties have reached a divorce agreement, but if they request divorce to the court to dissolve their marital relationship, they shall normally be tried and concluded within three months. The court shall issue a divorce mediation statement or a divorce judgment as divorce voucher (usually a divorce mediation statement).
 
 
 
2、若对方不同意离婚,除非有符合婚姻法第32条规定的情形,否则只要对方不同意离婚,人民法院针对第一次起诉的案件,一般都判决不准许双方离婚。在该判决生效后(若双方均不上诉,在判决作出15日后该判决发生法律效力。)六个月,你可再次诉讼(指第二次起诉,但非指“二审”。所谓二审,是之一审的当事人不服一审法院的判决或裁定在法律规定的期限人向上一级人民法院提出重新审理。若一审法院判决不准许双方离婚,且原告没有有效证明夫妻感情确已破裂的证据的,建议当事人千万不要上诉,因为上诉二审法院基本上都是维持,对当事人而言唯一的结果就是又浪费几个月的时间,拖延了第二次起诉的时间。),再次诉讼人民法院一般都判决准许双方离婚。
 
2. If the other party does not agree to divorce, unless there is a situation in line with the provisions of Article 32 of the Marriage Law, the people's court generally decides not to allow the divorce of both parties in the case of the first prosecution as long as the other party does not agree to divorce. After the judgment comes into effect (if neither party appeals, the judgment will become legally effective 15 days after the judgment is rendered). Six months, you can sue again (referring to the second prosecution, but not the second instance). The so-called second instance is that the party in the first instance does not accept the judgment or ruling of the court of first instance and submits a new trial to the people's court at a higher level within the time limit prescribed by law. If the court of first instance decides not to allow the divorce of both parties, and the plaintiff has no valid evidence to prove that the relationship between husband and wife has indeed broken down, it is recommended that the parties never appeal, because the court of second instance of appeal basically maintains, the only result for the parties is to waste several months and delay the time of the second prosecution. The People's Court of the Second Litigation generally decides to grant divorce to both parties.
 
 
 
2、人民法院现在审理民事案件一般都先使用简易程序,若对方不同意离婚,基本上都会在三个月之内结案(简易程序的概念是审理期限不超过三个月),在司法实践中每个法院的具体情况有一定的差异,有的法院判决不准许双方离婚的案件有时可能会在一个月内甚至一周内结案(例如上海部分法院的速裁庭审理的案件)。若人民法院在简易程序中未能审结案件,可转入普通程序(审理期限不得超过六个月)审理,但一般情况下转入普通程序审理就意味着法院准备判决离婚,只是因为案情复杂,无法再三个月内审理完毕,所以普通程序也不见得是坏事。
 
2. People's courts usually use summary procedure to hear civil cases now. If the other party does not agree to divorce, the case will basically be closed within three months (the concept of summary procedure is that the trial period does not exceed three months). In judicial practice, the specific situation of each court has certain differences. Some cases where the court decides not to allow divorce between the two parties may sometimes be within one month or even one month. The case will be closed within one week (e.g. a case heard by a speedy tribunal of some courts in Shanghai). If the people's court fails to conclude a case in summary procedure, it may be transferred to ordinary procedure (the trial period shall not exceed six months), but in general, the transfer to ordinary procedure means that the court is ready to decide divorce, just because the case is complex and cannot be completed within three months, so ordinary procedure is not necessarily a bad thing.
 
 
 
附:《中华人民共和国婚姻法》
 
Annex: Marriage Law of the People's Republic of China
 
 
 
第三十二条 男女一方要求离婚的,可由有关部门进行调解或直接向人民法院提出离婚诉讼。
 
Article 32 If a man or a woman requests a divorce, the relevant department may mediate or bring a divorce lawsuit directly to the people's court.
 
 
 
人民法院审理离婚案件,应当进行调解;如感情确已破裂,调解无效,应准予离婚。
 
In handling divorce cases, the people's court shall conduct mediation; if the feelings have indeed broken down and the mediation is invalid, divorce shall be granted.
 
 
 
有下列情形之一,调解无效的,应准予离婚:
 
Divorce shall be granted if mediation is invalid under one of the following circumstances:
 
 
 
(一)重婚或有配偶者与他人同居的;
 
(1) bigamy or cohabitation of a spouse with another person;
 
 
 
(二)实施家庭暴力或虐待、遗弃家庭成员的;
 
(2) committing domestic violence or abusing or abandoning family members;
 
 
 
(三)有赌博、吸毒等恶习屡教不改的;
 
(3) Having bad habits such as gambling and drug addiction that are persistently taught;
 
 
 
(四)因感情不和分居满二年的;
 
(4) Those who have been separated for two years due to emotional discord;
 
 
 
(五)其他导致夫妻感情破裂的情形。
 
(5) Other situations leading to the breakdown of husband and wife's feelings.
 
 
 
一方被宣告失踪,另一方提出离婚诉讼的,应准予离婚。
 
If one party is declared missing and the other party brings a divorce lawsuit, divorce shall be granted.
 
 
 
离婚律师解答:
 
Divorce lawyer answers:
 
 
 
离婚需要哪些条件协议离婚的条件
 
What Conditions Does Divorce Need?
 
 
 
(一)当事人须为合法夫妻并且具有完全民事行为能力;
 
(1) The parties shall be legal couples and have full civil capacity;
 
 
 
(二)协议离婚当事人双方必须具有离婚的共同意愿;
 
(2) Both parties to an agreed divorce must have the common will to divorce;
 
 
 
(三)对子女和财产问题已有适当处理,没有争议。
 
(3) The issue of children and property has been properly handled without dispute.
 
 
 
诉讼离婚的条件
 
Conditions for divorce in litigation
 
 
 
《婚姻法》第32条规定,如感情确已破裂,调解无效,应准予离婚。因此,法院判决离婚的条件就是:夫妻感情已破裂。人民法院审理离婚案件,准予不准离婚应以夫妻感情是否确已破裂作为区分的界限。判断夫妻感情是否确已破裂,应当从婚姻基础、婚后感情、离婚原因、夫妻关系的现状和有无和好的可能等方面综合分析。
 
Article 32 of the Marriage Law stipulates that divorce shall be granted if the relationship has indeed broken down and the mediation is invalid. Therefore, the court's condition for divorce is that the couple's relationship has broken down. When people's courts try divorce cases, the distinction between granting and disallowing divorce should be based on whether the relationship between husband and wife has indeed broken down. To judge whether the relationship between husband and wife has indeed broken down, we should make a comprehensive analysis on the basis of marriage, post-marital feelings, reasons for divorce, the status quo of the relationship between husband and wife and the possibility of reconciliation.
 

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